Abstract – This paper describes how to prepare a short paper for publication in the YOCOCU 2018 abstract submission. Use this template if you are using Microsoft Word 6.0 or later or use it as a guide if your version of Word is older than 6.0. The paper is to be in Times New Roman 11 pt and the abstract is to be in bold. The abstract should not be more than 200 words and should contain no references. All symbols and abbreviations in the paper should be defined. The abstract summarizes the major aspects of the complete paper beginning with the purpose of the study or the hypotheses investigated, the experimental design and methods used and the most important findings. Include key results or trends and then summarize the conclusions and implications of the paper.